25 November 2010

Tirukkural in different languages

The Tamil classic, Thirukkural (Sacred Couplets), has been translated into many major languages of the world. Attributed to Thiruvalluvar, who probably lived between 3rd and 6th centuries A.D., the Kural (as it is often referred) occupies a leading place amongst the wisdom literatures of the world. The popularity of the Kural amongst all ancient Tamil literatures can be judged from the fact that the next most translated work in Tamil comes no where near the Kural when compared to the number of times and number of languages the Kural has been translated. The Tamils believe that the Kural has been translated into most languages, next only to the Bible and the Qur’an. There are other texts with similar claims of having been translated several times in many languages.[1,2] The Hindus claim that their most popular scripture the Bhagavad Gita is the second most widely translated book after the Bible. It has been translated into at least 24 languages [*] and probably more. The Chinese claim that their classic Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu is the world’s most translated Book.[3] Victor Mair, a translator of Tao Te Ching, had this to say: "Next to the Bible and the Bhagavad Gita, the Tao Te Ching is the most translated book in the world".[4] Ninety one different translations of Tao Te Ching in 15 different languages (35 translations in English alone) are available at a single website on the net [*]. The Confucian Analects (Lun Yu) attributed Confucius has also been translated to many languages. More►►►

Indian languages

Asian languages

European languages


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